'In order to meet the aspirations of the
people of Acheh and permit them to administer themselves freely and
democratically, the GoI and GAM agree to a process which leads to an
election in 2004.'
'Agreement to cease hostilities and all forms
of violence toward each other and toward the people in Acheh, by
implementing the steps stipulated in this Agreement.'
'All-Inclusive Dialogue to enable the process
to be conducted in a safe and fair manner, reflecting the views of all
elements of Achenese society.'
Framework agreement between GoI and the Free Acheh Movement
of the Republic of Indonesia (GoI) and the Free Acheh Movement (GAM) have
been engaged in a process of dialogue since January 2000 and concur that the
priority in Acheh is the security and welfare of the people and therefore
agree on the need for finding an immediate peaceful solution to the conflict
in Acheh. On 10 May 2002, the GoI and GAM issued a Joint Statement set out
1. On the basis of the acceptance of the NAD Law
as a starting point, as discussed on 2-3 February 2002, to a democratic
all-inclusive dialogue involving all elements of Achenese society that
will be facilitated by HDC in Acheh. This process will seek to review
elements of the NAD Law through the expression of the views of the
Achenese people in a free and safe manner. This will lead to the
election of a democratic government in Acheh, Indonesia.
2. To enable this process to take place both parties
agree to work with all speed on an agreement on cessation of hostilities
with an adequate mechanism for accountability of the parties to such an
agreement. This will also provide the opportunity and environment for much
needed socio-economic and humanitarian assistance to the people of Acheh.
The GoI and GAM share the common objective to meet the
aspirations of the people of Acheh to live in security with dignity, peace,
prosperity, and justice. In order to meet the aspirations of the people of
Acheh and permit them to administer themselves freely and democratically,
the GoI and GAM agree to a process which leads to an election in 2004 and
the subsequent establishment of a democratically elected government in Acheh,
Indonesia, in accordance with the review of the NAD Law, as provided for in
point 1 of the 10 May 2002 Joint Statement.
To this end, the GoI will ensure and GAM will support the
development of a free and fair electoral process in Acheh, which will be
designed to ensure the broadest participation of all elements of Achenese
In light of the delicate nature of the confidence building
process, the GoI and GAM further appeal for the support of all elements of
society and request that no party undertake any action which is inconsistent
with this Agreement and may jeopardize the future security and welfare of
the people of Acheh.
The immediate requirement is to ensure the cessation of
hostilities and all acts of violence, including, intimidation, destruction
of property and any offensive and criminal action. Offensive and criminal
action is deemed to include violent actions such as attacking, shooting,
engaging in torture, killing, abducting, bombing, burning, robbing,
extorting, threatening, terrorising, harassing, illegally arresting people,
raping, and conducting illegal searches.
Throughout the peace process the maintenance of law and
order in Acheh will continue to be the responsibility of the Indonesian
Police (Polri). In this context, the mandate and mission of Brimob will be
reformulated to strictly conform to regular police activities and as such
will no longer initiate offensive actions against members of GAM not in
contravention of the Agreement.
The JSC will be the point of reference for all complaints
regarding police functions and action that are deemed to be in contravention
of the spirit and letter of the Cessation of Hostilities (COH) Agreement. As
such, the JSC will be responsible for defining, identifying and
investigating when and if the police have breached their mandate.
With this general understanding, and to bring the peace
process forward to the next phase, both parties hereby agree on the
Article 1: Objectives of the cessation of
hostilities and all acts of violence
Since both sides have thus agreed that, from now on,
enmity between them should be considered a thing of the past, the peace
process, which is continued by an agreement on this phase, will proceed by
building further confidence and both sides will prove to each other that
they are serious about achieving this ultimate common objective.
The objectives of the cessation of hostilities and all
acts of violence between both parties are (i) to proceed to the next phase
of the peace process, as mutually agreed on 10 May 2002 in Switzerland;
(ii) to continue the confidence building process with a view to
eliminating all suspicions and creating a positive and co-operative
atmosphere which will bring the conflict in Acheh to a peaceful
conclusion; and, (iii) to enable, provided hostilities and all acts of
violence cease, for the peace process to proceed to the next phases, i.e.
the delivery of humanitarian, rehabilitation and reconstruction
Article 2: Commitment by both sides to cease
hostilities and all acts of violence
Both sides explicitly express their commitment to meet the
terms of this Agreement to cease hostilities and all forms of violence
toward each other and toward the people in Acheh, by implementing the
steps stipulated in this Agreement. In expressing such commitment, both
sides guarantee that they are in full control of, respectively, TNI/Polri
and GAM forces on the ground. GoI and GAM commit to control those groups
that do not share their objectives but claim to be part of their forces.
Both sides further commit themselves to immediately after
the signing of this Agreement to thoroughly inform their respective forces
on the ground of the terms of this Agreement, and to instruct them to
cease hostilities immediately.
Both sides agree that, should there be other parties
taking advantage of the situation and disturbing the peaceful atmosphere,
they will endeavour to take joint action against them to restore the
During this confidence-building period, both sides agree
that they will not increase their military strength, which includes
re-deployment of forces, increase in military personnel or military
equipment into Acheh.
HDC is requested to strictly facilitate the implementation
of this Agreement.
Both parties will allow civil society to express without
hindrance their democratic rights.
Article 3: Joint Security Committee (JSC)
The senior leadership in charge of security from each side
will meet, in order to establish the initial contact and understanding
between both sides. They should also (i) reactivate the Joint Security
Committee (JSC), which was established during the implementation of the
Humanitarian Pause, and (ii) commence discussion, in order to reach
agreement expeditiously, on a plan of action for the JSC in discharging
The functions of JSC are: (i) to formulate the process of
implementation of this Agreement; (ii) to monitor the security situation
in Acheh; (iii) to undertake full investigation of any security
violations; (iv) in such cases, to take appropriate action to restore the
security situation and to agree beforehand on the sanctions to be applied,
should any party violate this Agreement; (v) to publish weekly reports on
the security situation in Acheh; (vi) to ensure that no new paramilitary
force is created to assume previous functions of Brimob, and (vii) to
design and implement a mutually agreed upon process of demilitarisation.
Regarding this last task, the JSC will designate what will be called Peace
Zones (see Art. 4(a)). After peace zones have been identified, the GAM
will designate placement sites for its weapons. Two months after the
signing of the COH and as confidence grows, GAM will begin the phased
placement of its weapons, arms and ordinance in the designated sites. The
JSC will also decide on a simultaneous phased relocation of TNI forces
which will reformulate their mandate from a strike force to a defensive
force. The GoI has the right to request HDC to undertake no-notice
verification of the designated sites. With the growth in confidence of
both parties in the process the phased placement of GAM weapons will be
completed within a period of five months (see attached note).
The composition of JSC will be senior officials appointed
as representatives of the GoI and the GAM and a senior third party
personality of high standing agreed upon by both sides. Each senior
official from the three parties are to be accompanied by up to four
persons as members. The heads of delegations from both sides have to be
senior and have the authority to be able to take decisions on the spot.
The third party (HDC) personality needs to be able to
command the respect and high regard of both sides in order to be able to
assist in resolving problems, as they arise.
In order to perform these functions, the JSC is to be
assisted by a monitoring team or monitoring teams, which would be provided
security guarantees by both sides in monitoring the security situation and
in investigating any violation.
The composition of each of the monitoring teams are
appointed officials as representatives of the High Command of the security
forces of the GoI and the High Command of the forces of the GAM in Acheh
and a senior third party military officer agreed upon by both sides
reporting to the senior third party personality of high standing in the
JSC and the monitoring team(s) would be provided with the
necessary technical and administrative staff and logistical support. The
HDC is requested to facilitate the establishment of these bodies by
providing the necessary funds, logistical and administrative facilities.
It is agreed upon that the JSC and the monitoring team(s)
will be established and be operational within one month of the signing of
this Agreement. Civil society has the right to provide inputs to the JSC.
interpretation of the clauses in the article 3)
Article 4: Establishment of 'Peace Zones'
Following the signing of the COH Agreement, the JSC, with
the direct participation of the senior leadership for security from both
sides, will immediately identify and prepare locations of conflict to be
designated as "Peace Zones". This would facilitate considerably the work
of the JSC since it could focus its attention on these areas in
establishing and maintaining security, and these zones, provided peace
could be established, will be the focus of the initial humanitarian,
rehabilitation and reconstruction assistance.
For the first two months after the signing, both parties
will relocate to defensive positions as agreed upon by the JSC.
Adjustments to these locations could be made by the JSC in order to
separate the forces of both parties with sufficient distance to avoid
contact or confrontation. Forces of both parties will refrain from
operations, movements, activities or any provocative acts that could lead
to contact or confrontation with each other.
In order to build trust and confidence during these
crucial months, these zones and surroundings will be monitored by the
tripartite monitoring teams. The JSC will be informed by both parties of
any significant movements or activities in these areas.
POLRI will be able to investigate criminal activities in
these areas in consultation with the JSC.
The designation of identified areas of demilitarised zones
such as schools, mosques, health institutions and public places, bazaars,
Achenese meunasahs, market-places, foodstalls, communication centres
including bus-terminals, taxi-stations, ferry-terminals, public roads,
river transportation services, and fishing ports.
Article 5: Time Frames
Both sides agree that hostilities and all acts of violence
by both sides should cease forever in Acheh.
Both sides also agree that hostilities and all acts of
violence during the first three months from the time when the JSC and the
monitoring team(s) become operational are very crucial as indicator of the
seriousness of the commitment from both sides. If indeed hostilities and
all acts of violence could decrease dramatically, or even cease
altogether, during this first three month period, the Achenese and other
Indonesian people, and the international community, would consider that
the peace process would most likely succeed.
During the period between the signing of this Agreement
and the time when the JSC and the monitoring team(s) become operational,
both signatories to this Agreement commit themselves to exercise the
utmost restraint by not making any public statement that would inflame the
feeling and sentiment of the other side, including the people, and by
ensuring that their forces will not initiate any hostile act toward the
Article 6: All-Inclusive Dialogue
The parties agree to support the process of All-Inclusive
Dialogue in Acheh as provided for in the Joint Statement of 10 May 2002. The
parties agree to ensure, through this Agreement, the necessary security and
freedom of movement for all participants in the All-Inclusive Dialogue to
enable the process to be conducted in a safe and fair manner, reflecting the
views of all elements of Achenese society. The parties reconfirm their
agreement that the process of All-Inclusive Dialogue be facilitated by HDC.
Article 7: Public Information &
To ensure national and international support for the peace
process in Acheh, the Agreement of 10 May 2002, and this Agreement and its
implementation have to be publicised as widely as possible within one
month of the signing of this Agreement. The process of implementation has
to be as transparent as possible and the people have to be regularly
informed of the progress made and difficulties encountered.
Communications to the public will be given priority,
especially through the print and electronic media. Television and radio
programmes have to be devised to enable obtaining inputs from the general
public provided that they are conducted in a fair and balanced manner. The
JSC remains the final reference on this matter.
Other media, such as community meetings, seminars, flyers,
bumper stickers, T-shirts, and others could also be considered, as
The HDC is requested to look for sources of funding these
public information and communication activities.
Article 8: Joint Council
A Joint Council will be established, composed of the most
senior representatives of the GoI and the GAM, and of the third party (HDC).
The function of this Joint Council will be to resolve all issues or disputes
arising out of the implementation of this Agreement, which cannot be
resolved by other Committees or Structures established under this Agreement.
The Joint Council may amend the articles and provisions of this Agreement.
Article 9: Amendment or Termination
This Agreement may only be amended by agreement between the
two parties in the Joint Council. Should either party wish to unilaterally
terminate the Agreement then they are obligated to first bring the issue to
the Joint Council and engage in and support all efforts by the Joint Council
to resolve the problem within a sufficient period of time (no less than 30
days). If the Joint Council is unable to resolve the matter, then either
party has the right to unilaterally withdraw from the Agreement.
For the Government
of the Republic of Indonesia, Amb. Mr. S. Wiryono; For the Leadership the
Free Acheh Movement, Dr. Zaini Abdullah and Witnessed by Henry Dunant Centre
for Humanitarian Dialogue (HDC), Mr. Martin Griffiths. (view signatures)
For further enquiries please
Andrea, Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, 114 rue de Lausanne 1202 -
Geneva, Switzerland; Tel: +41 (0)22 908 11 30; +41(0)79 257 9974, Fax: +41
(0)22 908 11 40;
Abdullah, information officer, Free Acheh Movement; Tel: +46 (0) 8 531
83833, +46 (0) 8 531 91275, +46 (0) 70 699 3982
Foreign Affairs Ministry in Jakarta; Tel: +62 (21) 344 1508 or 350 3878; We:
Public Information Unit, Banda
Acheh, Tel: +62 (651) 24535, ex. 305, Fax +62 (651) 24535